«CDC is taking colorectal cancer prevention to heights and lights! CDC’s Screen for Life National Colorectal Cancer Action Campaign has a new digital billboard in New York’s Times Square». The theme, CTRL+ PREVENT+ DEL Colorectal Cancer, animates between two screens along with Screen for Life’s signature logo, and CDC resources. Join this effort to Control+ Prevent+ Delete colorectal cancer by getting screened as recommended. Colorectal cancer screening can find abnormal growths so they can be removed before they turn into cancer. Screening can also find colorectal cancer early, when there is a greater chance that treatment can lead to a cure. Find out what you should know about colorectal cancer screening (CDC, 2019).
In recent qualitative study, Da Silveira (2019) found that colon cancer is among the most prevalent type of cancer in the world. Commonly also known as colorectal cancer, it is the third type of cancer with high mortality rates. In the United States, the minorities have health disparities which make them susceptible to high morbidity rates of colon cancer. Hispanics are susceptible to colon cancer due to various risk factors involved. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the risk factors that cause colon cancer and some intervention strategies that can be applied to diagnose, prevent, and manage the cancer. Data was obtained from review of literature. There were at least 30 peer reviewed articles used that were published within the last five years. The articles were obtained from various databases like Ana G Mendez virtual library, PMC, US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health, the American Cancer Society, among other reliable sources. Only the most relevant articles were selected, that is, the ones that provided direct answer to the research question. The evaluation of data through two appendices found that the risk factors and prevalence of colorectal cancer varies across the Hispanic sub-populations. However, some of the factors that were identified were: lack of knowledge of screening or colonoscopy services, lack of adherence to the health guidelines, lifestyle factors, socio-economic status (SES), family history, genetic factors, among others. The study identified that early diagnosis through colonoscopy, flexible sigmoidoscopy, and fecal occult blood tests, removal of health disparities, and education could help reduce the morbidity and mortality rates of colon cancer among Hispanics.